Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to neutrino 'taste' change
The Nobel Prize for Physics has beforehand been awarded to scientists for issues just like the research of the Higgs Boson particle and for sophisticated work that offers with graphene. This yr is not any totally different with Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald coming throughout a discovery that has the facility to vary our present understanding of the universe. The 2 scientists are being awarded the prize for understanding that neutrinos have mass. In case you are not down with physics-lingo, a neutrino is a subatomic particle that travels at (virtually) the velocity of sunshine and passes by way of virtually something with out impact. The truth is, billions of neutrinos are passing by means of your physique as you learn this.
With a purpose to detect these fast shifting, inconceivable to differentiate particles, big tanks of purified water are constructed underground and on a uncommon event when a neutrino collides with an atoms nucleus, it produces a dim streak of sunshine. Neutrino’s are available three ‘flavors’ (though they do not carry a style, identical to Domino’s pizza) referred to as electron, tau and muon. It was beforehand thought that these subatomic particles had no mass and subsequently could not change flavors however at a neutrino detector referred to as Tremendous Kamiokande in Japan, it collected proof that these particles can oscillate, and subsequently, change states.
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 6, 2015
[Image credit: Getty Images/Brand X]
VIA: IEEE Spectrum
SOURCE: Nobel Prize
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